An analysis of the issues surrounding the debate about internet addiction
Internet addiction scholarly articles
Beard and Eve M. It is now known that all addictions, whether chemical or behavioral, share some specific characteristics that include salience, compulsive use or loss of control, mood modification, alleviation of distress, tolerance, withdrawal, and continuation of the behavior or substance consumption despite harmful consequences. Ultimately, in order to achieve a scientific consensus, researchers will have to adopt a standard definition of IA and also put forth a solid theoretical framework that provides sufficient information on the conceptualization and operationalization of this phenomenon, both qualitatively and quantitatively, and as well as in clinically diagnostic terms. There has been also been a variety of assessment tools used in evaluation. However, in order to achieve official status, researchers will have to adopt a more commonly agreed upon definition as to what IA is, and how it can be conceptualized and operationalized both qualitatively and quantitatively as well as in clinically diagnostic terms. After eight weeks of treatment, the YIAS-K scores and Internet usage times were significantly reduced and the authors cautiously suggest that methylphenidate might be evaluated as a potential treatment of IAD. However, if there is a certain app, game, or site that seems to be the focus of the addiction, stopping its use may be part of treatment. Northrup and colleagues claim that Internet per se is simply the medium and that the people are in effect addicted to processes facilitated by the Internet. In another study Han, Hwang, and Renshaw [ 48 ] used bupropion a non-tricyclic antidepressant and found a decrease of craving for Internet video game play, total game play time, and cue-induced brain activity in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after a six week period of bupropion sustained release treatment. Similarly, during extended Internet use, neuroadaptation occurs, which leads to synchronization of the brain regions involved in addiction, such as the mesocorticolimbic system. After analyzing the results, the authors concluded that six sessions of MFGT was an effective strategy in reducing IA-related behaviors in adolescents. The theory is that digital technology users experience multiple layers of reward when they use various computer applications.
More recently, researchers Mark D. In regards to the definition and characterization of IA, it is clear that uncertainties regarding its status and criteria as to what constitutes IA have not yet reached consensus in the field.
Additionally, in terms of the studies that tested the effects of the pharmacological treatments alone, their short-term efficacy was found to be medium-to-large and robust notwithstanding the lack of follow-up data. Currently, interactive virtual media such as social networks are referred to as virtual reality,  whereas future virtual reality refers to computer-simulated, immersive environments or worlds.
In his RT group counseling program treatment study, Kim [ 59 ] found that the treatment program effectively reduced addiction level and improved self-esteem of 25 Internet-addicted university students in Korea.
But the symptoms we observed in clinical practice show a great deal of overlap with the symptoms commonly associated with behavioral addictions.
It is concluded that there is no consensual definition for IA. Neurobiological studies allow for an objective assessment of IA by investigating how changes in the brain may result in changes in behavior, as has been widely documented in substance-related addiction research.
The first results from an ongoing OQ If a behavior is rewarded, it is more likely to be repeated. A six-week group counseling program including CBT, social competence training, training of self-control strategies and training of communication skills was shown to be effective on 24 Internet-addicted college students in China [ 72 ].
On one hand, distal causes may include pre-existing psychopathology eg, depression, social anxiety, substance dependence and behavioral reinforcement ie, provided by the Internet itself throughout the experience of new functions and situational cues that contribute to conditioned responses.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Winkler et al 24 also noted that studies reporting individual treatments, a higher number of female participants, older patients, or an American sample had larger effect sizes in terms of the outcome variables.
Internet addiction related symptom scores significantly decreased after a group of 23 middle school students with IAD were treated with Behavioral Therapy BT or CT, detoxification treatment, psychosocial rehabilitation, personality modeling and parent training [ 70 ].
based on 59 review