The intervention of German forces on the side of the fascists in the Spanish Civil War gave notice to the world of Germany's new military power and the tactics it was prepared to employ. No one doubts his conviction and courage.
Later that year, after a mysterious fire burned the Reichstag building, Hitler proposed, and the Reichstag adopted, an Enabling Bill giving Hitler dictatorial powers. But, beset with the problem of unemployment and the depression, the government could not imagine placing Britain's industry on a wartime footing much less how to pay for it.
Russia could not help Czechoslovakia directly because she had no common border - and neither of the two countries with direct access to Czechoslovakia was likely to offer Russia any help. When Hitler gave no response, Britain declared war on Germany 3 September I rather agree with the author that the turning point came two years earlier when Hitler violated the Treaty of Locarno and tested the resolve of the democracies by remilitarising the Rhineland.
The Daily Mail drooled over Nazism. In relation to Russia there was also a very obvious geographical problem, which Churchill overlooked. Ever since Britain had refused to back the French in a hard-line anti-German policy inthe French had relied upon a defensive strategy against Berlin; they were not going to change in the late s at Churchill's behest.
He called for greater regional cooperation, criticising Chamberlain's administration for only collaborating with France and not Russia in the Munich negotiations.
Chamberlain meanwhile was facing a personal battle. The US had withdrawn from world affairs. Churchill begins with a disclaimer and continues with his acknowledgement of the prime minister's ability to prevent a firm stand against Hitler.