Definition of humanism
All human life must seek a reason for existence within the bounds of an uncaring physical world, and it is love coupled with empathy, democracy, and a commitment to selfless service which undergirds the faith of a humanist.
Humanism serves, for many humanists, some of the psychological and social functions of a religion, but without belief in deities, transcendental entities, miracles, life after death, and the supernatural. Peace be with you and the blessings of God! Religious Humanism However, not all humanists are atheists. Humanists cultivated rhetoric, consequently, as the medium through which all other virtues could be communicated and fulfilled. The coinage gained universal acceptance in , when German historian and philologist Georg Voigt used humanism to describe Renaissance humanism , the movement that flourished in the Italian Renaissance to revive classical learning, a use which won wide acceptance among historians in many nations, especially Italy. It is similar to Protestantism , although centered on human needs, interests, and abilities rather than the supernatural. In , the author of an anonymous article in a French Enlightenment periodical spoke of "The general love of humanity Ward off your fears! The word humanities , which like the word umanisti derived from the Latin studia humanitatis, is often used to designate the nonscientific scholarly disciplines: language , literature, rhetoric, philosophy, art history , and so forth. It included not only realistic social criticism but also utopian hypotheses , not only painstaking reassessments of history but also bold reshapings of the future. Whatever you believe about humanism, write an argument for the opposite position so that you can strengthen your skills of critical thinking and analytic writing.
Schillerthe Christian humanism of Jacques Maritainand the movement known as secular humanism, though differing from each other significantly in content, all showed this anthropocentric emphasis. The 19th-century German historian Georg Voigt —91 identified Petrarch as the first Renaissance humanist.
We are parts of the same great body. Anaxagoras brought philosophy and the spirit of rational inquiry from Ionia to Athens.
They identified humanism as an ideology that espouses reasonethicsand social and economic justiceand they called for science to replace dogma and the supernatural as the basis of morality and decision-making.
They would say that loving God and obeying the scriptures is the same as respecting human rights and valuing individual lives. It advocates the extension of participatory democracy and the expansion of the open society, standing for human rights and social justice.
Some, like Salutati, were the Chancellors of Italian cities, but the majority including Petrarch were ordained as priests, and many worked as senior officials of the Papal court. Some religious people criticize secular humanism because they see it as taking the place of God. How can all this gore and darkness be humanistic? For "There is no compulsion in religion" Qur'an 2 and I have only invited you to accept our faith willingly and of your own accord and have pointed out the hideousness of your present belief. In literature, humanism is characterized shown by complex characters struggling against each other or against the cruelties of fate. Humanism I. Leonardo Bruni c. Because science cannot now and probably never will be able to explain the ultimate origin or destiny of the universe, I think Humanism can include more than atheists and agnostics.
Later, in Chapter 11, a disciple, Ji Lu, asks Confucius on how to properly serve ghosts and spirits, and what the Master knows about death.
Because science cannot now and probably never will be able to explain the ultimate origin or destiny of the universe, I think Humanism can include more than atheists and agnostics. No response from heaven.
Confucius replied, "If you do not know the proper way to serve people, what need is there to discuss how to serve ghosts? Henceforth Renaissance humanism, particularly in the German North, became concerned with religion, while Italian and French humanism concentrated increasingly on scholarship and philology addressed to a narrow audience of specialists, studiously avoiding topics that might offend despotic rulers or which might be seen as corrosive of faith.
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