Epictetus enchiridion summary
Like an ape, you mimic all you see, and one thing after another is sure to please you, but is out of favor as soon as it becomes familiar. When, therefore, anyone provokes you, be assured that it is your own opinion which provokes you. This alone is the valuable thing. By no means. For this is a slippery point, which may throw you into vulgar manners, and, besides, may be apt to lessen you in the esteem of your acquaintance. In walking about as you take care not to step on a nail or to sprain your foot, so take care not to damage your own ruling faculty: and if we observe this rule in every act, we shall undertake the act with more security. But if you are conquered by them, you will incur a double ridicule. The problems faced by intermediate students. If it is his pleasure you should act a poor man, a cripple, a governor, or a private person, see that you act it naturally. If short, of a short one; if long, of a long one. And, if we were to guard against this in every action, we should undertake the action with the greater safety. Come to divination, as Socrates prescribed, in cases of which the whole consideration relates to the event, and in which no opportunities are afforded by reason, or any other art, to discover the thing proposed to be learned. We base our happiness on the world around us. You are no longer a boy, but a grown man. For more information about the German court case, and the reason for blocking all of Germany rather than single items, visit PGLAF's information page about the German lawsuit.
If, for example, you are fond of a specific ceramic cup, remind yourself that it is only ceramic cups in general of which you are fond. Life is just like such a river and wishing and working against what happens to us is futile. Chapter 29, which was probably absent from the text used by Simplicius, is a one-page Discourse which compares the training needed to become a Stoic with the rigorous approach needed to become an Olympic victor.
Epictetus the handbook section 28
If, then, you confine your aversion to those objects only which are contrary to the natural use of your faculties, which you have in your own control, you will never incur anything to which you are averse. It is not possible then for him to follow that which seems right to you, but that which seems right to himself. But if at any time you would inure yourself by exercise to labor, and bearing hard trials, do it for your own sake, and not for the world; don't grasp statues, but, when you are violently thirsty, take a little cold water in your mouth, and spurt it out and tell nobody. But to me all omens are lucky, if I will. Apply this in like manner to greater things. Epictetus believed that we should do what is right and never be concerned if someone else does not approve of a virtuous action. Men are disturbed, not by things, but by the principles and notions which they form concerning things. Conclusions on the practice of precepts. Well, but my country, say you, as far as depends on me, will be unassisted. He taught that philosophy is first and foremost a way of life, and only secondly, discussions of why we should live that way. Give him then the value, if it is for your advantage. You must be one man, either good or bad. For example, "death is nothing dreadful or else it would have appeared dreadful to Socrates. Chs 30— For no man is a slave who is free in his will.
And when I find an interpreter, what remains is to make use of his instructions. Men are disturbed, not by things, but by the principles and notions which they form concerning things.
Whoever, then, would be free, let him wish nothing, let him decline nothing, which depends on others else he must necessarily be a slave. As, if you wished to breed lions, you would not care about the costliness of their dens, but about the habits of the animals; so, if you attempt to preside over your citizens, be not so anxious about the costliness of the buildings as careful about the manly character of those who dwell in them.
Appropriate actions towards a other people, b God, c divination, d one's own self. Be careful to leave your sons well instructed rather than rich, for the hopes of the instructed are better than the wealth of the ignorant.
Don't allow your laughter be much, nor on many occasions, nor profuse.
Miscellania: the common conceptions, badness, and shame.
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