Some graduate schools are now offering courses in reviewing the literature, given that most research students start their project by producing an overview of what has already been done on their research issue .
For example, compared toin three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in Web of Science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively .
Rule 2: Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers.
Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests .
For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way .
Literature Review: A literature review gives an overview of the field of inquiry: what has already been said on the topic, who the key writers are, what the prevailing theories and hypotheses are, what questions are being asked, and what methodologies and methods are appropriate and useful.
Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Ideas and insights also come from discussions with coauthors and colleagues, as well as feedback from reviewers and editors. There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.
Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience How to choose which topic to review? Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read .