How to write a literature review health sciences

Some graduate schools are now offering courses in reviewing the literature, given that most research students start their project by producing an overview of what has already been done on their research issue [6].

sections of a literature review

For example, compared toin three, eight, and forty times more papers were indexed in Web of Science on malaria, obesity, and biodiversity, respectively [2].

Rule 2: Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers.

Given such mountains of papers, scientists cannot be expected to examine in detail every single new paper relevant to their interests [3].

For such summaries to be useful, however, they need to be compiled in a professional way [5].

medical literature review example

Literature Review: A literature review gives an overview of the field of inquiry: what has already been said on the topic, who the key writers are, what the prevailing theories and hypotheses are, what questions are being asked, and what methodologies and methods are appropriate and useful.

Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

how to write a literature review health sciences

Ideas and insights also come from discussions with coauthors and colleagues, as well as feedback from reviewers and editors. There are so many issues in contemporary science that you could spend a lifetime of attending conferences and reading the literature just pondering what to review.

Rule 1: Define a Topic and Audience How to choose which topic to review? Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read [4].

How to write a review paper science

The topic must at least be: interesting to you ideally, you should have come across a series of recent papers related to your line of work that call for a critical summary , an important aspect of the field so that many readers will be interested in the review and there will be enough material to write it , and a well-defined issue otherwise you could potentially include thousands of publications, which would make the review unhelpful. Although recognition for scientists mainly comes from primary research, timely literature reviews can lead to new synthetic insights and are often widely read [4]. Research articles: Present original research results, and include details of the scientific data obtained during the research, as well as the methodology used. Rule 2: Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers. Thus, it is both advantageous and necessary to rely on regular summaries of the recent literature. A critical literature review shows how prevailing ideas fit into your own thesis, and how your thesis agrees or differs from them. The University of Toronto. Be aware that a review article reflects the views of its authors - you should still look at the articles discussed and draw your own conclusions.
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Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review