The concept of intervening variables- is variables that are not readily seen but serve as determinants of behavior. The observer reinforce by a third person. Cognition plays a role in learning.People can learn by observing the behavior of the others and the outcomes of those behaviors. Learning can occur without a change in behavior. Contemporary theory proposes that both reinforcement and punishment have indirect effects on learning. The methods that he used in his experiment and discuss the similarities of his work into a real life situation. This is in several possible ways: 1. Tolman, who studied molar behaviors, was of the opinion that individuals do more than respond to stimuli. Bandura suggested that the environment also reinforces modeling. He argued that the problem of psychology was that there are old methods and inappropriate subject matter Wozniak, n. Watson sought out to describe how psychology as a subject was more than just philosophy. Modeling teaches new behaviors. Modeling increases the frequency of similar behaviors.
They are not sole or main cause. Watson is credited with being a founder of behaviorism. He believed that learning happens through meaningful behavior.
Albert Bandura's Social learning theory Social learning theory focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context. Skinner, and Edward C. Cognitive processing during learning attention 3.
Cognitive processing during learning 3. Cognition plays a role in learning.Social learning theory can be considered a bridge or a transition between behaviorist learning theories and cognitive theories. The imitated behavior itself leads to reinforcing consequences. Watson sought out to describe how psychology as a subject was more than just philosophy. The topic of behaviorism has been developed and broken down to sub-levels by many psychologists. In fact, Watson argued that psychology was a science and focuses on behavior rather than the mind, thinking, and The expectation of reinforcement influences cognitive process that promote learniing. Consequences of the model's behavior affect the observer's behavior vicariously. Purposive behaviorism believes in experimentation and observation as methods of learning and not introspection. The observer is reinforced by the model. New theories came into view which maintained some of the behaviorist concepts but excluded others, and added new ideas which later came to be associated with the cognitive views of learning.
Latent Learning- is a kind of learning that remains or stays with the individual until needed. Reinforcement not essential for learning- Tolman concluded that reinforcement is not essential for learning, although it provides an incentive for performance.
Essay about Men in Behaviorism