Rollie and ducks model of relationship breakdown

While enduring romantic relationships can be strong enough to survive the pressures of decreased daily contact, for many, this isn't the case.

ducks phase model psychology evaluation

Feeling stuck or frustrated in a relationship? This means Duck's phase model, even though it seems to be supported by research, does not necessarily describe how break-up happens in real life, weakening the model's ability to present an accurate picture of relationship breakdown.

Maintenance difficulties Edit There are clearly some circumstances where relationships become strained simply because partners cannot see each other enough. For example, teenager relationships are less stable as they are often treated as a 'testing ground' for future relationships.

Social phase definition

Therefore, it fails to provide a complete picture of dissolution. This stage focuses on a person's internal thought process that occurs before confronting the partner. Although Monroe et al found that students who experienced a breakup were more likely to become depressed, Tashiro and Frazier observed that when an individual focussed on the situation, not their own personal flaws they felt better. Akert found that the person who instigated the break-up tended to suffer fewer negative consequences than the non-instigator. This makes the relationship difficult to end, which means that the break-up process will not follow the phases proposed by Duck. Feeling stuck or frustrated in a relationship? If the issues addressed are still not resolved, individuals enter the social phase. For example during the intrapsychic stage where people brood over the negatives of their partner and the relationship, they can be encouraged to focus instead on the positives. Duck criticised earlier relationship research saying it failed to recognise the complexity of relationships and how much they change over time. The Couples Coping Enhancement Training CCET programme aims to sensitise couples to to issues such as equity and respect within their relationship and to improve communication and problem-solving skills. You're now subscribed to receive email updates! Poor education 5. Perhaps you have gone through your own heartbreaking splits with a partner. Therefore the model can be argued to be ethnocentric and lacking external validity to wider generalisation across different cultures.

This makes the topic particularly difficult to investigate, as researchers may find it tricky to conduct a study where the benefits of research outweigh a possible negative impact on participants. In this section, friends and family become aware of the struggling relationship.

Grave-dressing phase The grave-dressing phase sees a post view of the relationship breakdown being established by both.

Virtual relationships psychology

Subscribe Thanks. The sixth stage was added later after Duck realised that the model fails to include the possibility of personal growth. How do relationships end? The threshold here is, unsurprisingly, 'It's time to start a new life'. Hence he developed more longitudinal research methods. Their unhappiness may also be expressed indirectly through social withdrawal. This strengthens the claims made by the model and highlights the application of the theory to everyday relationships. These students reported that breaking up with their partner had given them new insights into themselves and a clearer idea about future partners. Strengths, Weaknesses and Evaluation One strength of the theory is it has face validity as the process of breakdown occurring through phases is something most people can relate to through their own experiences. Participants will have to discuss very personal and distressing events which may cause psychological harm. Results showed that the CCET group reported much higher marital quality after training compared to the control group. For example, teenager relationships are less stable as they are often treated as a 'testing ground' for future relationships. There are also significant ethical issues involved in investigating relationship breakdown, such as privacy, especially if the research involves victims of domestic abuse.

Predisposing personal factors — bad habits, weak social skills, different back grounds, divorced parents etc 2. Subscribe Thanks. Therefore, it fails to provide a complete picture of dissolution.

Rollie and duck relationship breakdown

Having left their partner, both sides construct their version of why their relationship broke down, usually minimising their faults and maximising their partner's, but at the same time trying to show themselves as trustworthy and loyal in order to attract a new partner. Dyadic phase The second phase is the dyadic phase and sees the unhappy partner discuss their dissatisfaction. As long as the couple get to reunite regularly satisfaction in the relationship was not affected. Although they had felt distressed, they also experienced personal growth. Which of these is a synoptic IDA point? The dissatisfied partner also rethinks the alternatives to their current relationships. However this area of research is socially sensitive as asking people questions about their relationship could lead them to feelings of dissatisfaction which they may not have considered previously!

Mutual friends may be expected to pick a side and gossip may be traded with some being judgmental placing blame on one partner. An advantage of Duck's model of relationship breakdown is that is has provided help for real-life relationships.

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The Breakdown Model (Rollie & Duck )